BRICS Leaders meet ahead of the G20 Summit in St.Petersburg
Following the meeting, the Leaders issued a statement emphasizing the continued slow pace of the recovery, high unemployment in some countries and on-going challenges and vulnerabilities in the global economy, particularly in advanced economies.
The BRICS Leaders reiterated their concerns they had expressed in the Durban Summit in March regarding the unintended negative spillovers of unconventional monetary policies of certain developed economies. They emphasized that the eventual normalization of monetary policies need to be effectively and carefully calibrated and clearly communicated.
BRICS Leaders also expressed their concern with the stalling of the International Monetary Fund reform process. They recalled the urgent need to implement the 2010 IMF Quota and Governance Reform, as well as to complete the next general quota review by January 2014 as agreed at the G20 Seoul Summit in order to ensure the Fund's credibility, legitimacy and effectiveness.
In addition, the Leaders believe that the 9th World Trade Organisation's Ministerial conference to be held in December 2013 will become a stepping stone to the successful and balanced conclusion of the Doha Development Round.
The Leaders welcomed the good progress made towards the establishment of the BRICS-led New Development Bank and the Contingent Reserve Arrangement.
On the NDB, progress has been made in negotiating its capital structure, membership, shareholding and governance. The Bank will have an initial subscribed capital of US$ 50 billion from the BRICS countries.
On the CRA, consensus has been achieved on many key aspects and operational details regarding its establishment. As agreed in Durban, the CRA will have an initial size of US$100 billion. Country's individual commitments to the CRA will be as follows: China - US$41 billion; Brazil, India, and Russia - US$18 billion each; and South Africa - US$5 billion.
In light of the progress achieved both in the negotiations of the NDB and CRA the BRICS leaders expect tangible results by the time of the next Summit.
In addition, they welcomed the first meeting of the BRICS Business Council held recently in Johannesburg, South Africa, and encouraged the business community to increase contacts and cooperation. The Leaders noted the recent developments in the world economy and emphasized the necessity for intra-BRICS economic cooperation.
The Leaders of Brazil, India, China and South Africa congratulated Russia on the successful presidency of the G20 in 2013 and appreciated the emphasis by the Russian Presidency on the development agenda.